“It is not difficult, after all, to dissipate the deception of such an abstract and individualistic notion, which considers humans and their rights outside of society. Humans do not exist if not within society and by means of society. Therefore even their rights are connected with society and with its organization, and especially with its economic organization. We can speak of natural rights only in that society is itself also a natural fact.

In a society divided between classes, in a society in which rich and poor exist, powerful and weak, the rights of the human person cannot but realize themselves differently depending on whether individuals belong to to one or the other group. Without doubt the notion that even the poor abstractly have certain rights that are no less than the rights of the rich represents a moral progress. But a moral progress does not realize itself without certain material conditions, nor can it be distorted to try to block the way to those same developments which it aims to realize.

In synthesis, the attempts to separate the human person from society, and to attribute to the former rights which are independent of the latter, corresponds to a very specific goal: to avoid that the collective organizes itself in a different way than the current prevailing order..”


From Antonio Graziadei, Democrazia Borghese e Democrazia Socialista, Luigi Morara Editore, Roma, 1952. Translation by Robin Monotti Graziadei.

One thought

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s